the scholarly knowledge of western cultures and languages and people
the quality or customs or mannerisms characteristic of Western civilizations
The term Occidentalism is used to refer to images of 'The West' in one of two main ways: a stereotyped and sometimes dehumanizing views on the Western world, including Europe and the English-speaking world; and b, ideologies or visions of the West developed in either the West or non-West. The former definition stresses negative constructions of the West and is often focused on the Islamic world. The latter approach has a broader range and includes both positive and negative representations. The term was used in the latter sense by James G. Carrier in his book Occidentalism: Images of the West, and subsequently by Ian Buruma and Avishai Margalit in their book Occidentalism: the West in the Eyes of its Enemies. The term is an inversion of Orientalism, Edward Said’s label for stereotyped Western views of the East. A number of earlier books had also used the term, sometimes with different meanings, such as Chen Xiaomei's Occidentalism: A Theory of Counter-Discourse in Post-Mao China.
The numerical value of occidentalism in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of occidentalism in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1
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"occidentalism." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 24 Apr. 2017. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/occidentalism>.