fleshiness, obesity, corpulency(noun)
more than average fatness
the state of being obese due to an excess of body fat
Origin: From obésité, from obesitas, from obesus
the state or quality of being obese; incumbrance of flesh
Origin: [L. obesitas: cf. F. obsit.]
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. People are considered obese when their body mass index, a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by the square of the person's height in metres, exceeds 30 kg/m². Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications or psychiatric illness. Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited; on average obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass. Dieting and physical exercise are the mainstays of treatment for obesity. Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods such as those high in fat and sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber. Anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or inhibit fat absorption together with a suitable diet. If diet, exercise and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon may assist with weight loss, or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length, leading to earlier satiation and reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz
A surplus gone to waist.
The numerical value of obesity in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of obesity in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
Prevention of obesity is important since there is convincing evidence that obesity contributes to risk of diabetes and elevated blood pressure.
Addiction, obesity, starvation (anorexia nervosa) are political problems, not psychiatric: each condenses and expresses a contest between the individual and some other person or persons in his environment over the control of the individual's body.
So, avoid weight gain when quitting smoking, obesity, especially abdominal obesity, increases the pressure on the diaphragm and the muscles separating the esophagus from the stomach, pushing acidic stomach content into the esophagus. Tobacco smoking relaxes the muscles, facilitating reflux, and reduces the production of saliva, which helps clean the esophagus.
Everyone (says) 'Oh obesity, obesity, we have to do something about the obesity epidemic,' and so it's like throwing spaghetti at a wall without any evidence behind it and then you see that these programs are actually backfiring, we have to be very careful that in our efforts to combat one so-called epidemic that we're not adding fuel to the fire of another one.
We know that obesity is a risk factor for heart disease and early mortality and it is not surprising that obesity starting in the childbearing years would have repercussions for health later, obesity during pregnancy is associated with children being born large for gestational age and these children are more at risk for childhood obesity and diabetes later in life.
Images & Illustrations of obesity
Translations for obesity
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- سمنة, بدانةArabic
- obesitatCatalan, Valencian
- obezita, otylostCzech
- overvægt, fedmeDanish
- Adipostas, Fettsucht, ÜbergewichtGerman
- obesidad, sobrepesoSpanish
- liikalihavuus, ylipainoFinnish
- murtall, otrachtIrish
- שׁוֹמֶן, השמנת יתר חולניתHebrew
- չաղություն, գիրությունArmenian
- 肥満, 肥大Japanese
- სიმსუქნე, გაცხიმოვნებაGeorgian
- ожирение, тучностьRussian
- prètilōst, gȍjāznōst, гојазност, претилостSerbo-Croatian
- béo phìVietnamese
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