Definitions for obesity
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
very fat or overweight; corpulent.
Origin of obese:
1645–55; < L obēsus plump, fat
fleshiness, obesity, corpulency(noun)
more than average fatness
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
the state of being obese
the problem of obesity in young people
the state of being obese due to an excess of body fat
Origin: From obésité, from obesitas, from obesus
the state or quality of being obese; incumbrance of flesh
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. People are considered obese when their body mass index, a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by the square of the person's height in metres, exceeds 30 kg/m². Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications or psychiatric illness. Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited; on average obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass. Dieting and physical exercise are the mainstays of treatment for obesity. Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods such as those high in fat and sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber. Anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or inhibit fat absorption together with a suitable diet. If diet, exercise and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon may assist with weight loss, or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length, leading to earlier satiation and reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz
A surplus gone to waist.
Translations for obesity
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
Obesity is a danger to health.
- vetheid, swaarlywigheid, gesetheidAfrikaans
- свръх дебелинаBulgarian
- obesidadePortuguese (BR)
- die FettleibigkeitGerman
- עוֹדֶף מִשקָל מוּגזָםHebrew
- apkūnumas, nutukimasLithuanian
- tuklums, korpulenceLatvian
- keadaan gemuk gedempolMalay
- ekstrem fedmeNorwegian
- [sjuklig] fetmaSwedish
- 肥胖症Chinese (Trad.)
- огрядність, гладкістьUkrainian
- sự béo phìVietnamese
- 肥胖症Chinese (Simp.)
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