Definitions for naturalismˈnætʃ ər əˌlɪz əm, ˈnætʃ rə-
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word naturalism
(philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations
an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description
A state of nature; conformity to nature.
Metaphaphoric: The doctrine that denies a supernatural agency in the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in spiritual influences
Any system of philosophy which refers the phenomena of nature as a blind force or forces acting necessarily or according to fixed laws, excluding origination or direction by a will.
A doctrine which denies a strong separation between scientific and philosophic methodologies and/or topics
A movement in theatre, film, and literature that seeks to replicate a believable everyday reality, as opposed to such movements as Romanticism or Surrealism, in which subjects may receive highly symbolic, idealistic, or even supernatural treatment.
naturism, social nudity.
Origin: Confer naturalisme.
a state of nature; conformity to nature
the doctrine of those who deny a supernatural agency in the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in spiritual influences; also, any system of philosophy which refers the phenomena of nature to a blind force or forces acting necessarily or according to fixed laws, excluding origination or direction by one intelligent will
Origin: [Cf. F. naturalisme.]
Naturalism is "the idea or belief that only natural laws and forces operate in the world; the idea or belief that nothing exists beyond the natural world." Adherents of naturalism assert that natural laws are the rules that govern the structure and behavior of the natural universe, that the universe is a product of these laws. "Naturalism can intuitively be separated into a [metaphysical] and a methodological component." Metaphysical here refers to the philosophical study of the nature of reality. Philosopher Paul Kurtz argues that nature is best accounted for by reference to material principles. These principles include mass, energy, and other physical and chemical properties accepted by the scientific community. Further, this sense of naturalism holds that spirits, deities, and ghosts are not real and that there is no "purpose" in nature. Such an absolute belief in naturalism is commonly referred to as metaphysical naturalism. In contrast, assuming naturalism in working methods, without necessarily considering naturalism as an absolute truth with philosophical entailments, is called methodological naturalism. The subject matter here is a philosophy of acquiring knowledge.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a philosophical term used to denote the resolution of the supernatural into the natural, and its obliteration; the reference of everything to merely natural laws, and the denial of all supernatural interference with them.
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