Definitions for morphineˈmɔr fin; -fi ə

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word morphine

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

mor•phineˈmɔr fin; -fi ə(n.)

also mor•phi•a

  1. a white, bitter, crystalline alkaloid, C17H19NO3∙H2O, the most important narcotic and addictive principle of opium, obtained by extraction and crystallization and used chiefly in medicine as a pain reliever and sedative.

    Category: Pharmacology

Origin of morphine:

1820–30; < G Morphin. See Morpheus , -ine2

mor•phin′ic-ˈfɪn ɪk(adj.)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. morphine, morphia(noun)

    an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain

Wiktionary

  1. morphine(Noun)

    A crystalline alkaloid (7,8-didehydro-4,5-epoxy-17-methyl-morphinan-3,6-diol), extracted from opium, the salts of which are soluble in water and are used as analgesics, anaesthetics and sedatives; it is one of a group of morphine alkaloids.

  2. Origin: From Morpheus the god of dreams.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Morphine(noun)

    a bitter white crystalline alkaloid found in opium, possessing strong narcotic properties, and much used as an anodyne; -- called also morphia, and morphina

Freebase

  1. Morphine

    Morphine is a potent opiate analgesic drug that is used to relieve severe pain. It was first isolated in 1804 by Friedrich Sertürner, first distributed by him in 1817, and first commercially sold by Merck in 1827, which at the time was a single small chemists' shop. It was more widely used after the invention of the hypodermic needle in 1857. It took its name from the Greek god of dreams Morpheus. After it was isolated from opium by Sertürner, the traditional way to obtain morphine had been by chemical processing of opium. In India, opium harvested by licensed poppy farmers is dehydrated to uniform levels of hydration at government processing centers, and then sold to pharmaceutical companies, which extract morphine from the opium. However in Turkey and Tasmania morphine is obtained by harvesting and processing the fully mature dry seed pods, with attached stalks, called poppy straw. By not harvesting opium at all, and by obtaining morphine only from the dry poppy straw, and not from opium, and by using a large scale industrial process to do so, at factories located near the poppy farms, opportunities for illicitly diverting opium from the crop, and for illicit production of morphine, and heroin from the opium, are reduced. In Turkey, a water extraction process is used. In Tasmania, a solvent extraction process is used.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Morphine

    The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.


Translations for morphine

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

morphia(nouns)

a drug used to cause sleep or deaden pain.

Get even more translations for morphine »

Translation

Find a translation for the morphine definition in other languages:

Select another language:

Discuss these morphine definitions with the community:


Citation

Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:

Style:MLAChicagoAPA

"morphine." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 30 Oct. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/morphine>.

Are we missing a good definition for morphine?


The Web's Largest Resource for

Definitions & Translations


A Member Of The STANDS4 Network


Nearby & related entries:

Alternative searches for morphine: