Definitions for monosaccharideˌmɒn əˈsæk əˌraɪd, -ər ɪd
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word monosaccharide
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
mon•o•sac•cha•rideˌmɒn əˈsæk əˌraɪd, -ər ɪd(n.)
a carbohydrate that does not hydrolyze, as glucose or fructose.
Origin of monosaccharide:
monosaccharide, monosaccharose, simple sugar(noun)
a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
A simple sugar such as glucose, fructose or deoxyribose that has a single ring.
Monosaccharides are the most basic units of biologically important carbohydrates. They are the simplest form of sugar and are usually colorless, water-soluble, crystalline solids. Some monosaccharides have a sweet taste. Examples of monosaccharides include glucose, fructose, galactose, xylose and ribose. Monosaccharides are the building blocks of disaccharides and polysaccharides. Further, each carbon atom that supports a hydroxyl group is chiral, giving rise to a number of isomeric forms all with the same chemical formula. For instance, galactose and glucose are both aldohexoses, but have different chemical and physical properties.
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