Definitions for monosaccharideˌmɒn əˈsæk əˌraɪd, -ər ɪd
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word monosaccharide
monosaccharide, monosaccharose, simple sugar(noun)
a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
A simple sugar such as glucose, fructose or deoxyribose that has a single ring.
Monosaccharides are the most basic units of biologically important carbohydrates. They are the simplest form of sugar and are usually colorless, water-soluble, crystalline solids. Some monosaccharides have a sweet taste. Examples of monosaccharides include glucose, fructose, galactose, xylose and ribose. Monosaccharides are the building blocks of disaccharides and polysaccharides. Further, each carbon atom that supports a hydroxyl group is chiral, giving rise to a number of isomeric forms all with the same chemical formula. For instance, galactose and glucose are both aldohexoses, but have different chemical and physical properties.
Translations for monosaccharide
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
Get even more translations for monosaccharide »
Find a translation for the monosaccharide definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these monosaccharide definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"monosaccharide." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 28 Feb. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/monosaccharide>.