monophony, monophonic music, monody(noun)
music consisting of a single vocal part (usually with accompaniment)
An ode, as in Greek drama, for a single voice, often specifically a mournful song or dirge.
Any poem mourning the death of someone; an elegy.
A monotonous or mournful noise.
A composition having a single melodic line.
Origin: From monodia, from μονῳδία.
a species of poem of a mournful character, in which a single mourner expresses lamentation; a song for one voice
Origin: [L. monodia, Gr. , fr. singing alone; mo`nos single + song: cf. F. monodie. See Ode.]
In poetry, the term monody has become specialized to refer to a poem in which one person laments another's death. In music, monody has two meanings: 1 it is sometimes used as a synonym for monophony, a single solo line, in opposition to homophony and polyphony; and 2 in music history, it is a solo vocal style distinguished by having a single melodic line and instrumental accompaniment. Although such music is found in various cultures throughout history, the term is specifically applied to Italian song of the early 17th century, particularly the period from about 1600 to 1640. The term is used both for the style and for individual songs. The term itself is a recent invention of scholars: no composer of the 17th century ever called a piece a monody. Compositions in monodic form might be called madrigals, motets, or even concertos. In monody, which developed out of an attempt by the Florentine Camerata in the 1580s to restore ancient Greek ideas of melody and declamation, one solo voice sings a melodic part, usually with considerable ornamentation, over a rhythmically independent bass line. Accompanying instruments could be lute, chitarrone, theorbo, harpsichord, organ, and even on occasion guitar. While some monodies were arrangements for smaller forces of the music for large ensembles which was common at the end of the 16th century, especially in the Venetian School, most monodies were composed independently. The development of monody was one of the defining characteristics of early Baroque practice, as opposed to late Renaissance style, in which groups of voices sang independently and with a greater balance between parts.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
mon′ō-di, n. a mournful ode or poem in which a single mourner bewails: a song for one voice: monotonous sound.—adjs. Monod′ic, -al.—n. Mon′odist, one who writes monodies.
The numerical value of monody in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of monody in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
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