Definitions for middlesexˈmɪd lˌsɛks
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A former inland county of England now part of London.
Middlesex is a former historic county in southeast England. It was established in antiquity from the territory of the Middle Saxons. Proximate to the United Kingdom capital city of London, the small county became densely populated, leading to problems with its viability. It was subject to a significant loss of territory in 1889 and was abolished on 1 April 1965. The former area of Middlesex now corresponds to much of Greater London and parts of Berkshire, Hertfordshire and Surrey. The ancient boundaries of the county were the rivers Colne, Lee and Thames, and a ridge of hills. It originally included the wealthy and politically independent City of London in the south. The City of London became a county in its own right and although separate, dominated the early administration of Middlesex. The generally low-lying county was the second smallest by area in 1831. Because of the proximity of London the population was unusually high for an English county—approaching three million in 1881—which caused problems for the administration of local government and justice. In the 18th and 19th centuries the population density was especially high in the southeast of the county, including London's East End and West End, as the metropolitan area had expanded. From 1855 the southeast was administered with sections of Kent and Surrey as part of The Metropolis.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a small county on the N. of the Thames, adjacent to and W. of London; has no hills and no rivers, only undulating pasture land and small streams. In 1888 the populous part next the metropolis was detached for the new county of London, leaving no big town but many suburban villages, Brentford, reckoned the county town, Harrow with its school, Highgate, and Hornsey. Hampton Court, Hampstead Heath, and Enfield Chase are in the county. There are many market gardens.
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