a male member of a religious order that originally relied solely on alms
a pauper who lives by begging
A pauper who lives by begging.
A religious friar forbidden to own personal property who begs for a living.
Depending on alms for a living.
Of or pertaining to a beggar.
Of or pertaining to a member of a religious order forbidden to own property, and who must beg for a living.
Origin: From mendicans, present participle of mendico. Compare French mendiant.
practicing beggary; begging; living on alms; as, mendicant friars
a beggar; esp., one who makes a business of begging; specifically, a begging friar
Origin: [L. mendicans, -antis, p. pr. of mendicare to beg, fr. mendicus beggar, indigent.]
The term mendicant refers to begging or relying on charitable donations, and is most widely used for religious followers or ascetics who rely exclusively on charity to survive. In principle, mendicant orders or followers do not own property, either individually or collectively, and have taken a vow of poverty, in order that all their time and energy could be expended on practising or preaching their religion or way of life and serving the poor. Many religious orders adhere to a mendicant way of life, including the Catholic mendicant orders, Hindu ascetics, some dervishes of Sufi Islam, and the monastic orders of Jainism and Buddhism. In the Catholic Church, followers of Saint Francis of Assisi and Saint Dominic became known as mendicants, as they would beg for food while they preached to the villages. While mendicants are the original type of monks in Buddhism and have a long history in Indian Hinduism and the countries which adapted Indian religious traditions, they didn't become widespread in Christianity until the High Middle Ages. The Way of a Pilgrim depicts the life of an Eastern Christian mendicant.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
men′di-kant, adj. in the condition of a beggar: practising beggary.—n. one who is in extreme want: a beggar: a member of one of the R.C. orders who live by begging: a begging friar.—ns. Men′dicancy, Mendic′ity, the state of being a mendicant or beggar: the life of a beggar.—Mendicant orders, religious bodies who depended on begging for their support. [L. mendicans, -antis, pr.p. of mendicāre, to beg—mendicus, a beggar.]
The numerical value of mendicant in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of mendicant in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2
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