Definitions for mcmurdo soundməkˈmɜr doʊ

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Random House Webster's College Dictionary

Mc•Mur′do Sound′məkˈmɜr doʊ(n.)

  1. an inlet of Ross Sea, in Antarctica, N of Victoria Land.

    Category: Geography (places)

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  1. McMurdo Sound

    The ice-clogged waters of Antarctica's McMurdo Sound extend about 55 km long and wide. The sound connects the Ross Sea to the north with the Ross Ice Shelf Cavity to the south via Haskell Strait. The strait is largely covered by the McMurdo Ice Shelf. The Royal Society Range rises from sea level to 13,205 feet on the western shoreline. Ross Island, an historic jumping-off point for polar explorers, designates the eastern boundary. The active volcano Mt Erebus at 12,448 feet dominates Ross Island. Antarctica's largest scientific base, the United States' McMurdo Station, as well as the New Zealand Scott Base are located on the southern shore of the island. Less than 10 percent of McMurdo Sound's shoreline is free of ice. Captain James Clark Ross discovered this sound, which is about 800 miles from the South Pole, in February 1841, and he named it after Lt. Archibald McMurdo of the HMS Terror. The sound today serves as a resupply route for cargo ships and for airplanes that land on the floating ice airstrips near the McMurdo Station. However, McMurdo Station’s continuous occupation by human beings since 1957-58 has turned Winter Quarters Bay into a harbor with water pollution.

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