a form of social organization in which a female is the family head and title is traced through the female line
A social system in which the mother is head of household, having authority over men and children.
A system of government by females.
Origin: Coined after patriarchy, from μήτηρ (mother) and ἄρχω (I rule)
Matriarchy is a society in which females, especially mothers, have the central roles of political leadership, moral authority, and control of property. It is also sometimes called a gynarchy, a gynocracy, a gynecocracy, or a gynocentric society. The term for males is patriarchy, but, in feminist theory, it is not exactly a parallel term. Most anthropologists hold that there are no known societies that are unambiguously matriarchal, but possible exceptions include the Iroquois, in whose society mothers exercise central moral and political roles. Another possible exception is Padaungs. According to Heide Goettner-Abendroth, this reluctance to accept the existence of matriarchies might be based on a specific, culturally biased notion of how to define matriarchy: because in a patriarchy 'men rule over women', a matriarchy has frequently been conceptualized as 'women ruling over men'. Goettner-Abendroth believed that matriarchies are egalitarian. There are also matrilinear, matrilocal, and avunculocal societies, especially among indigenous peoples of the Americas, Asia, and Africa, such as those of the Minangkabau, E De, Mosuo, Berbers and Tuareg and, in Europe, e.g., traditionally among Sardinian people.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
mā′tri-är-ki, n. government by a mother or by mothers, esp. a primitive order of society existing in many Indian tribes, in which the mother takes precedence of the father in tracing line of descent and in inheritance: descent in the female line.—ns. Mā′triarch, a woman in whom matriarchy rests: a patriarch's wife.—adj. Matriar′chal.—ns. Matriar′chalism, the character of possessing matriarchal customs; Matriar′chate, the position of a matriarch. [Gr. mētēr, mother, archos, a ruler.]
The numerical value of matriarchy in Chaldean Numerology is: 6
The numerical value of matriarchy in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8
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