a block of the earth's crust bounded by faults and shifted to form peaks of a mountain range
A principal mountain mass.
A block of the earth's crust bounded by faults or flexures and displaced as a unit without internal change; normally consists of gneisses and schists
Origin: 1885 , massif, adjective, from
In geology, a massif is a section of a planet's crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures. In the movement of the crust, a massif tends to retain its internal structure while being displaced as a whole. The term is also used to refer to a group of mountains formed by such a structure. In mountaineering and climbing literature, a massif is frequently used to denote the main mass of an individual mountain. The massif is a smaller structural unit of the crust than a tectonic plate and is considered the fourth largest driving force in geomorphology. The word is taken from French, where it is used to refer to a large mountain mass or compact group of connected mountains forming an independent portion of a range. One of the most notable European examples of a massif is the Massif Central of the Auvergne region of France. The Face on Mars is an example of an extraterrestrial massif. Massifs may also form underwater such as with the Atlantis Massif.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
ma-sēf, n. a central mountain-mass; an orographic fault-block. [Fr.]
The numerical value of massif in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of massif in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4
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