Definitions for mandibleˈmæn də bəl
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word mandible
lower jaw, mandible, mandibula, mandibular bone, submaxilla, lower jawbone, jawbone, jowl(noun)
the jaw in vertebrates that is hinged to open the mouth
The lower jaw, especially the lower jawbone.
One of a pair of mouthparts of an arthropod designed for holding food.
Origin: From mandibula.
the bone, or principal bone, of the lower jaw; the inferior maxilla; -- also applied to either the upper or the lower jaw in the beak of birds
the anterior pair of mouth organs of insects, crustaceaus, and related animals, whether adapted for biting or not. See Illust. of Diptera
Origin: [L. mandibula, mandibulum, fr. mandere to chew. Cf. Manger.]
In vertebrates, the mandible, lower jaw or jawbone is a bone forming the skull with the cranium. In lobe-finned fishes and the early fossil tetrapods, the bone homologous to the mandible of mammals is merely the largest of several bones in the lower jaw. In such animals, it is referred to as the dentary bone, and forms the body of the outer surface of the jaw. It is bordered below by a number of splenial bones, while the angle of the jaw is formed by a lower angular bone and a suprangular bone just above it. The inner surface of the jaw is lined by a prearticular bone, while the articular bone forms the articulation with the skull proper. Finally a set of three narrow coronoid bones lie above the prearticular bone. As the name implies, the majority of the teeth are attached to the dentary, but there are commonly also teeth on the coronoid bones, and sometimes on the prearticular as well. This complex primitive pattern has, however, been simplified to various degrees in the great majority of vertebrates, as bones have either fused or vanished entirely. In teleosts, only the dentary, articular, and angular bones remain, while in living amphibians, the dentary is accompanied only by the prearticular, and, in salamanders, one of the coronoids. The lower jaw of reptiles has only a single coronoid and splenial, but retains all the other primitive bones except the prearticular and the periosteum.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
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Translations for mandible
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- mandíbulaCatalan, Valencian
- κάτω γνάθος, δαγκάναGreek
- leuka, leukaraaja, alaleuanluu, alaleukaFinnish
- pìos ìosal a' ghuibScottish Gaelic
- onderkaak, kaakDutch
- ayaatsʼiinNavajo, Navaho
- mandíbula, queixadaPortuguese
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