Definitions for magnetohydrodynamics
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word magnetohydrodynamics
the study of the interaction of magnetic fields and electrically conducting fluids (as plasma or molten metal)
the study of the interaction of electrically conducting fluids with magnetic fields; as in the Earth's core
the study of the interaction of water with magnetic fields and its application
Magnetohydrodynamics is the study of the dynamics of electrically conducting fluids. Examples of such fluids include plasmas, liquid metals, and salt water or electrolytes. The word magnetohydrodynamics is derived from magneto- meaning magnetic field, hydro- meaning liquid, and -dynamics meaning movement. The field of MHD was initiated by Hannes Alfvén, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1970. The fundamental concept behind MHD is that magnetic fields can induce currents in a moving conductive fluid, which in turn creates forces on the fluid and also changes the magnetic field itself. The set of equations which describe MHD are a combination of the Navier-Stokes equations of fluid dynamics and Maxwell's equations of electromagnetism. These differential equations have to be solved simultaneously, either analytically or numerically.
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"magnetohydrodynamics." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/magnetohydrodynamics>.