Definitions for magistrateˈmædʒ əˌstreɪt, -strɪt
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word magistrate
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
mag•is•trateˈmædʒ əˌstreɪt, -strɪt(n.)
a civil officer charged with the administration of the law.
Category: Government, Law
a minor judicial officer, as a justice of the peace, having jurisdiction to try minor criminal cases and to conduct preliminary examinations of persons charged with serious crimes.
Category: Government, Law
Origin of magistrate:
1350–1400; < L magistrātus=magist(e)rmaster+-ātus -ate3
a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law (especially one who conducts a court dealing with minor offenses)
A judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the law. A magistrate's court may have jurisdiction in civil or criminal cases, or both.
a person clothed with power as a public civil officer; a public civil officer invested with the executive government, or some branch of it
A magistrate is an officer of the state; in modern usage the term usually refers to a judge. This was not always the case; in ancient Rome, a magistratus was one of the highest government officers and possessed both judicial and executive powers. Today, in common law systems, a magistrate has limited law enforcement and administration authority. In civil law systems, a magistrate might be a judge in a superior court; the magistrates' court might have jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. A related, but not always equivalent, term is chief magistrate, which historically can denote a political and administrative officer.
British National Corpus
Rank popularity for the word 'magistrate' in Nouns Frequency: #1441
Translations for magistrate
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a person who has power to put the laws into force and sentence those guilty of lesser crimes.
- magistradoPortuguese (BR)
- úředník se soudní pravomocíCzech
- der FriedensrichterGerman
- alemman asteen tuomariFinnish
- שוֹפֵט שָׁלוֹםHebrew
- मैजिस्ट्रेट, दण्डाधिकारीHindi
- sudac, mirovni sudacCroatian
- yfirvald; dómariIcelandic
- (법의 집행을 직무로 하는) 행정관Korean
- teisėjas, teismo pareigūnas, magistratasLithuanian
- судья (низшей инстанции)Russian
- úradník so súdnou právomocouSlovak
- sudija za prekršajeSerbian
- sulh yargıcıTurkish
- 地方法官Chinese (Trad.)
- حاکم عدالتUrdu
- quan tòaVietnamese
- 地方法官，治安官Chinese (Simp.)
Get even more translations for magistrate »
Find a translation for the magistrate definition in other languages:
Select another language: