Definitions for magistrateˈmædʒ əˌstreɪt, -strɪt
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word magistrate
a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law (especially one who conducts a court dealing with minor offenses)
A judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the law. A magistrate's court may have jurisdiction in civil or criminal cases, or both.
a person clothed with power as a public civil officer; a public civil officer invested with the executive government, or some branch of it
Origin: [L. magistratus, fr. magister master: cf. F. magistrat. See Master.]
A magistrate is an officer of the state; in modern usage the term usually refers to a judge. This was not always the case; in ancient Rome, a magistratus was one of the highest government officers and possessed both judicial and executive powers. Today, in common law systems, a magistrate has limited law enforcement and administration authority. In civil law systems, a magistrate might be a judge in a superior court; the magistrates' court might have jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. A related, but not always equivalent, term is chief magistrate, which historically can denote a political and administrative officer.
British National Corpus
Rank popularity for the word 'magistrate' in Nouns Frequency: #1441
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