Definitions for machu picchuˈmɑ tʃu ˈpik tʃu, ˈpi tʃu
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word machu picchu
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
Ma•chu Pic•chuˈmɑ tʃu ˈpik tʃu, ˈpi tʃu(n.)
the site of an ancient Incan city in the Andes, in S central Peru.
Category: Geography (places), Archaeology
An ancient Inca site in Peru
Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level. Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti. Often referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. The Incas built the estate around 1450, but abandoned it as an official site for the Inca rulers a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham. Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of what the structures originally looked like. By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored. The restoration work continues to this day.
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