either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
A biological organ that extracts oxygen from the air.
an organ for aerial respiration; -- commonly in the plural
Origin: [OE. lunge, AS. lunge, pl. lungen; akin to D. long, G. lunge, Icel. & Sw. lunga, Dan. lunge, all prob. from the root of E. light. 125. See Light not heavy.]
The lung is the essential respiration organ in many air-breathing animals, including most tetrapods, a few fish and a few snails. In mammals and the more complex life forms, the two lungs are located near the backbone on either side of the heart. Their principal function is to transport oxygen from the atmosphere into the bloodstream, and to release carbon dioxide from the bloodstream into the atmosphere. A large surface area is needed for this exchange of gases which is accomplished by the mosaic of specialized cells that form millions of tiny, exceptionally thin-walled air sacs called alveoli. To properly explain the anatomy of the lungs, the passage of air through the mouth to the alveoli needs to be looked at. The progression of air through either the mouth or the nose, travels through the oropharynx, nasopharynx, the larynx, and the trachea. The air passes down the trachea, which divides into two main bronchi and these branch to the left and right lungs where they progressively subdivide in a system of bronchi and bronchioles until the alveoli are finally reached, where the gas exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen takes place. Breathing is driven by muscular action; in early tetrapods, air was driven into the lungs by the pharyngeal muscles via buccal pumping, which amphibians still use. Reptiles, birds and mammals use more of the musculoskeletal system.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
lung, n. one of the organs of breathing—from its spongy texture.—adjs. Lunged; Lung′-grown, having an adhesion of the lung to the pleura.—n. Lung′wort, an herb with purple flowers and spotted leaves: a lichen on tree-trunks, used as a remedy for pulmonary diseases. [A.S. lunge, pl. lungan, the lungs; cog. with light (adj.).]
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
British National Corpus
Rank popularity for the word 'lung' in Nouns Frequency: #2014
The numerical value of lung in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of lung in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
On CBS Radio the news of his Ed Murrow's death, reportedly from lung cancer, was followed by a cigarette commercial.
But most of all lung cancer deaths are still attributable to smoking, and lung cancer makes up the largest cause of cancer-related mortality.
It’s pretty rare to have an isolated cough as the only symptom to herald a lung cancer, if you really did have lung cancer, it’s unlikely that you are going to be coughing with no other symptoms for more than 8 weeks—you’re going to develop other things.
We’ve been very good at getting heart, lung, liver, because we know that, so I’m not gonna crush that part,” Nucatola tells actors posing as organ traffickers. “I’m gonna basically crush below, I’m gonna crush above, and I’m gonna see if I can get it all intact.”
Docs essentially lifted and secured every rib with steel bands, anchored the broken clavicle with plates and rods, set aside repair of a broken shoulder for later (also later are more minor things like ACL/MCL knee injuries), still mechanically inflating one collapsed lung while other bruised lung, liver, etc., are watched; chest drain is working overtime to keep things clear.
Images & Illustrations of lung
Translations for lung
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- رئة, سُحْرArabic
- бял дробBulgarian
- pulmóCatalan, Valencian
- ریه, ششPersian
- longWestern Frisian
- sgamhanScottish Gaelic
- lungu, lungaIcelandic
- 肺, 肺臓Japanese
- 허파, 부아Korean
- бел дробMacedonian
- paru-paru, paruMalay
- lungeNorwegian Nynorsk
- рӕуӕгOssetian, Ossetic
- leav, lom, pulmun, lev, lommRomansh
- pulmon, plămâni, plămânRomanian
- piumoni, pimone, primone, prummone, primmone, piumoneSardinian
- geahpisNorthern Sami
- плућа, pluća, pluće, плућеSerbo-Croatian
- පෙනහැල්ලSinhala, Sinhalese
- ئۆپكەUyghur, Uighur
- легке, легеняUkrainian
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