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  1. Locutionary act

    In linguistics and the philosophy of mind, a locutionary act is the performance of an utterance, and hence of a speech act. The term equally refers to the surface meaning of an utterance because, according to J. L. Austin's posthumous "How To Do Things With Words", a speech act should be analysed as a locutionary act, as well as an illocutionary act, and in certain cases a further perlocutionary act. For example, my saying to you "Don't go into the water" counts as warning you not to go into the water, and if you heed my warning I have thereby succeeded in persuading you not to go into the water. This taxonomy of speech acts was inherited by John R. Searle, Austin's pupil at Oxford and subsequently an influential exponent of speech act theory.

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