Definitions for lobotomyləˈbɒt ə mi, loʊ-

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word lobotomy

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

lo•bot•o•myləˈbɒt ə mi, loʊ-(n.)(pl.)-mies.

  1. a surgical incision into or across a lobe, esp. the prefrontal lobe, of the brain to sever nerves for the purpose of relieving a mental disorder or treating psychotic behavior.

    Category: Surgery

Origin of lobotomy:

1935–40; lobe+-o-+-tomy

Princeton's WordNet

  1. lobotomy, leukotomy, leucotomy, prefrontal lobotomy, prefrontal leukotomy, prefrontal leucotomy, frontal lobotomy(noun)

    surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain; often results in marked cognitive and personality changes

Wiktionary

  1. lobotomy(Noun)

    A surgical operation on the frontal lobe of the brain intent on treating certain mental illnesses.

  2. lobotomy(Noun)

    The severing of the prefrontal cortex from the thalamic region of the brain.

  3. lobotomy(Noun)

    The severing of the sympathetic nerve trunk.

Freebase

  1. Lobotomy

    Lobotomy is a neurosurgical procedure, a form of psychosurgery, also known as a leukotomy or leucotomy. It consists of cutting or scraping away most of the connections to and from the prefrontal cortex, the anterior part of the frontal lobes of the brain. While the procedure, initially termed a leucotomy, has been controversial since its inception in 1935, it was a mainstream procedure for more than two decades, prescribed for psychiatric conditions – this despite general recognition of frequent and serious side-effects. The originator of the procedure, António Egas Moniz, shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine of 1949 for the "discovery of the therapeutic value of leucotomy in certain psychoses", although the awarding of the prize has been subject to controversy. The usage of the procedure increased dramatically in some countries from the early 1940s and into the 1950s; by 1951, almost 20,000 lobotomies had been performed in the United States. Following the introduction of antipsychotic medications in the mid-1950s lobotomy underwent a gradual but definite decline.

The New Hacker's Dictionary

  1. lobotomy

    1. What a hacker subjected to formal management training is said to have undergone. At IBM and elsewhere this term is used by both hackers and low-level management; the latter doubtless intend it as a joke. 2. The act of removing the processor from a microcomputer in order to replace or upgrade it. Some very cheap clone systems are sold in lobotomized form — everything but the brain.

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