Definitions for landing craft
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
any of various flat-bottomed naval vessels designed to move troops and equipment close to shore.
Origin of landing craft:
naval craft designed for putting ashore troops and equipment
a type of flat-bottomed boat used to transport infantry and vehicles onto a shore during an assault from the sea
Landing craft are boats and seagoing vessels used to convey a landing force from the sea to the shore during an amphibious assault. Most renowned are those used to storm the beaches of Normandy, the Mediterranean, and many Pacific islands during WWII. This was the high point of the landing craft, with a significant number of different designs produced in large quantities by the United Kingdom and United States. Because of the need to run up onto a suitable beach, WWII landing craft were flat-bottomed, and many designs had a flat front, often with a lowerable ramp, rather than a normal bow. This made them difficult to control and very uncomfortable in rough seas. The control point was normally at the extreme rear of the vessel, as were the engines. In all cases, they were known by an abbreviation derived from the official name rather than by the full title.
Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms
A craft employed in amphibious operations, specifically designed for carrying troops and their equipment and for beaching, unloading, and retracting. It is also used for resupply operations.
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"landing craft." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2013. Web. 5 Dec. 2013. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/landing craft>.