Definitions for lamp, arc
The Standard Electrical Dictionary
A lamp in which the light is produced by a voltaic arc. Carbon electrodes are almost universally employed. Special mechanism, operating partly by spring or gravity and partly by electricity, is employed to regulate the distance apart of the carbons, to let them touch when no current passes, and to separate them when current is first turned on. The most varied constructions have been employed, examples of which will be found in their places. Lamps may in general be divided into classes as follows, according to their regulating mechanism and other features: (a) Single light regulators or monophotes. Lamps through whose regulating mechanism the whole current passes. These are only adapted to work singly; if several are placed in series on the same circuit, the action of one regulator interferes with that of the next one. (b) Multiple light regulators or polyphotes. In these the regulating mechanism and the carbons with their arc are in parallel; the regulating device may be a single magnet or solenoid constituting a derived or shunt-circuit lamp, or it may include two magnets working differentially against or in opposition to each other constituting a differential lamp. (c) Lamps with fixed parallel carbons termed candles (q. v., of various types). (d) Lamps without regulating mechanism. These include lamps with converging carbons, whose object was to dispense with the regulating mechanism, but which in some cases have about as much regulating mechanism as any of the ordinary arc lamps.