Definitions for kurgankʊərˈgɑn, -ˈgæn
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word kurgan
A prehistoric burial mound once used by peoples in Siberia and Central Asia.
city in Siberia, Russia, administrative centre of Kurgan oblast. Originally called Tsaryovo Gorodishche (u0426u0430u0440u0451u0432u043E u0413u043Eu0440u043Eu0434u0438u0449u0435 - Tsarju00F3vo Gorodu00EDu0161u010De ) (1662 - 1782).
Origin: From курган, from (compare Turkish kurgan ‘fortress’).
Kurgan is the Turkic term for a tumulus. These are mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves, originating with its use in Soviet archaeology, now widely used for tumuli in the context of Eastern European and Central Asian archaeology. The word kurgan ‘funerary mound’, is, as well as Central Asia and Anatolia used in Russia and Ukraine, but throughout South-Eastern Europe, from Tatar, Tat., Osm., Kum. kurgan, Old Turkic kurgan "fortification", Kirg. and Jagat. korgan, Karakirg. korgon, all from Turkotat. kurgamak "fortify", kurmak "erect". The distribution of such tumuli in Eastern Europe corresponds closely to the area of the Pit Grave or Kurgan culture in South-Eastern Europe. Kurgans were built in the Eneolithic, Bronze, Iron, Antiquity and Middle Ages, with old traditions still active in Southern Siberia and Central Asia. Kurgan cultures are divided archeologically into different sub-cultures, such as Timber Grave, Pit Grave, Scythian, Sarmatian, Hunnish and Kuman-Kipchak. A plethora of placenames that include the word "kurgan" appear from Lake Baikal to the Black Sea.
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