Definitions for krishnaism
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word krishnaism
worship of Krishna the 8th avatar of Vishnu
Krishnaism is a group of Hindu denominations within Vaishnavism, centered on devotion to Krishna or other forms of Krishna. It is often also called Bhagavatism, because it is the Bhagavata Purana that asserts that Krishna is "Bhagvan Himself," and subordinates to itself all other forms: Vishnu, Narayana, Purusha, Ishvara, Hari, Vasudeva, Janardana, etc. Out of many deities, Krishna is particularly important, and Vaishnava traditions are generally centered either on Vishnu or on Krishna as Svayam Bhagavan. The term "Krishnaism" has been used to describe the sects focused on Krishna, while "Vaishnavism" for sects focusing on Vishnu in which Krishna is an Avatar, rather than a transcended Supreme Being. Krishnaism originates in the early centuries CE, arising from an amalgamation of the heroic Krishna Vasudeva, the "divine child" Bala Krishna and the Gopala traditions, and syncretism of these non-Vedic traditions with the Mahabharata canon, thus affiliating itself with Vedism in order to become acceptable to the orthodox establishment. Krishnaism becomes associated with bhakti yoga in the medieval period. Friedhelm Hardy in his "Viraha-bhakti" analyses the history of Krishnaism, specifically all pre-11th-century sources starting with the stories of Krishna and the gopi, and Mayon mysticism of the Vaishnava Tamil saints, Sangam Tamil literature and Alvars' Krishna-centered devotion in the rasa of the emotional union and the dating and history of the Bhagavata Purana. The central text of Krishnaism is the Bhagavad Gita.
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