Definitions for kolkhoz
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word kolkhoz
a collective farm owned by the communist state
A farming collective in the former Soviet Union.
Origin: From колхоз, contraction of коллективное хозяйство.
Kolkhoz, plural kolkhozy were a form of collective farms in the Soviet Union. Kolkhoz existed along with state farms or sovkhoz, plural sovkhozy. The word is a contraction of коллекти́вное хозя́йство, suggesting collective farm or collective economy. On the other hand, sovkhoz is a contraction of советское хозяйство, suggesting Soviet farm or collective management. Kolkhozy and sovkhozy were the two components of the socialized farm sector that began to emerge in Soviet agriculture after the October Revolution of 1917, as an antithesis to individual or family farming. The 1920s were characterized by spontaneous and apparently voluntary emergence of collective farms, which included an updated version of the traditional Russian “commune”, the generic “farming association”, the association for joint cultivation of land, and finally the kolkhoz. This peaceful and gradual shift to collective farming in the first 15 years after the October Revolution was turned into a "violent stampede" during the forced collectivization campaign that began in 1928.
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