Definitions for klamath river
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Klamath, Klamath River(noun)
a river flowing southwest from Oregon through northern California to the Pacific Ocean
The Klamath River southwest through Oregon and northern California, cutting through the Cascade Range to empty into the Pacific Ocean. The river drains an extensive watershed of almost 16,000 square miles (41,000 km²) that stretches from the high desert country of the Great Basin to the temperate rainforest of the Pacific coast. The river is known for its basin's peculiar geography and has been called "a river upside down" by the National Geographic Society. The upper basin once contained vast freshwater marshes that provided habitat for thousands of migratory birds and other abundant wildlife; now most of it is developed, while the lower basin remains wild. It is the second largest river in California after the Sacramento River. Since the Klamath is important for fish migration on the Pacific coast south of the Columbia River, its rainbow trout have adapted to unusually high water temperatures and acidity levels compared to other rivers in the Pacific Northwest. The numerous trout and other fish were a major source of food for Native Americans, who have been living in the basin for at least 7,000 years. A few decades after fur trappers for the Hudson's Bay Company arrived in the 1820s—the first whites to come to the basin, establishing the Siskiyou Trail along the Klamath and Trinity Rivers into the Sacramento Valley—the natives were forced into reservations.
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