Definitions for kirkcaldykərˈkɔl di, -ˈkɔ di, -ˈkɑ-
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Kirkcaldy is a town and former royal burgh in Fife, on the east coast of Scotland. It is approximately 11.6 miles north of Edinburgh and 27.6 miles south-southwest of Dundee. The town had an estimated population of 49,560 in 2010, making it the biggest settlement in Fife. Kirkcaldy has long been nicknamed the Lang Toun in reference to the 0.9-mile early town's main street, as indicated on maps of the 16th and 17th centuries. The street later reached a length of nearly 4 miles connecting the burgh to neighbouring settlements of Linktown, Pathhead, Sinclairtown and Gallatown. These settlements would later merge into the town in 1876. The area around Kirkcaldy has been inhabited since the Bronze Age. However, the first document to refer to the town itself was not until 1075, when Malcolm III granted the settlement to the church of Dunfermline. David I would later give the burgh to the Abbey which had succeeded the church; a status which was officially recognised by Robert I in 1327. The town only gained its independence from Abbey rule, when it was granted a royal burgh by Charles I in 1644.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a manufacturing and seaport town in Fifeshire, extending 4 m. along the north shore of the Forth, known as the "lang toon." It was the birthplace of Adam Smith, and one of the scenes of the schoolmastership period of Thomas Carlyle's life; manufactures textile fabrics and floorcloth; is a busy town.
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