Definitions for kingella kingae

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  1. Kingella kingae

    Kingella kingae is a species of gram-negative aerobic coccobacilli. First isolated in 1960, it was not until the 1990s that culture techniques improved enough for it to become recognized as a significant cause of infection in young children. It is best known as a cause of septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, spondylodiscitis, bacteraemia, and endocarditis, and less frequently lower respiratory tract infections and meningitis. K. kingae is part of the bacterial flora of the throat in young children and is transmitted from child-to-child. When it causes disease, the clinical presentation is often subtle and preceded by a recent history of stomatitis or upper respiratory infection. One notable exception is in cases of endocarditis, which can be more refractory to treatment. K. kingae is the fifth member of the HACEK group of fastidious gram-negative bacteria that cause endocarditis. Routine laboratory tests may be normal because the organism is difficult to culture. Inoculating the fluid from infected joints directly into blood culture vials can enhance the chances of an accurate culture, but extended culture times are not helpful. The organism has also been known as Moraxella kingae.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Kingella kingae

    A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria which is distinguished from other members of the genus KINGELLA by its beta hemolysis. It occurs normally in human mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, but can cause septic arthritis and endocarditis. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)

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