Definitions for kinaseˈkaɪ neɪs, -neɪz, ˈkɪn eɪs, -eɪz
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word kinase
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
ki•naseˈkaɪ neɪs, -neɪz, ˈkɪn eɪs, -eɪz(n.)
an enzyme that effects the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to another molecule.
Origin of kinase:
1900–05; kin (etic ) + -ase
an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of a proenzyme to an active enzyme
Any of a group of enzymes that transfers phosphate groups from high-energy donor molecules, such as ATP, to specific target molecules (substrates); the process is termed phosphorylation.
Origin: From κινέω + -ase, a suffix forming enzyme names.
In biochemistry, a kinase is a type of enzyme that transfers phosphate groups from high-energy donor molecules, such as ATP, to specific substrates, a process referred to as phosphorylation. Kinases are part of the larger family of phosphotransferases. Kinases are not to be confused with phosphorylases, which carry out phosphorolysis, the breaking of a bond using an inorganic phosphate group; or with phosphatases, which remove phosphate groups.
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