Definitions for kharkiv
a city in northeastern Ukraine; former capital of the Ukraine
An industrial city in eastern Ukraine, administrative centre of Kharkiv province.
Kharkiv province (oblast), in eastern Ukraine.
Kharkiv river in Ukraine.
Origin: From Харків = Харьков. The city's name comes from the Kharkiv River. There is also a folk etymology that the city and river are named after a Cossack going by < < Greek Χαρίτων, but there is no hard evidence supporting this.
Kharkiv, or Kharkov, is the second-largest city of Ukraine. Located in the north-east of the country, it is the largest city of the Slobozhanshchyna historical region. By its territorial expansion on September 6, 2012 the city increased its area from about 310 square kilometers up to 350 square kilometers. The city was founded in 1654 and was a major centre of Ukrainian culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv became the first city in Ukraine to acknowledge the Soviet power in December 1917 and becoming later the capital of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Kharkiv remained the capital of the Ukrainian SSR until January 1934, when it was moved to Kiev. Currently, it is the administrative centre of the Kharkiv Oblast as well as the administrative centre of the surrounding Kharkiv district, while the city itself has a special status within the region. As of 2006, its population was 1,461,300. Kharkiv is a major cultural, scientific, educational, transport and industrial centre of Ukraine, with 60 scientific institutes, 30 establishments of higher education, 6 museums, 7 theatres and 80 libraries. Its industry specializes primarily in machinery. There are hundreds of industrial companies in the city. Among them are globally important giants like the Morozov Design Bureau and the Malyshev Tank Factory; Khartron; and the Turboatom turbines producer.
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