kerosene, kerosine, lamp oil, coal oil(noun)
a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters
An oil used for illuminating purposes, formerly obtained from the distillation of mineral wax, bituminous shale, etc., and hence called also coal oil. It is now produced in immense quantities, chiefly by the distillation and purification of petroleum. It consists chiefly of several hydrocarbons of the methane series, having from 10 to 16 carbon atoms in each molecule, and having a higher boiling point (175 - 325
Origin: [Gr. wax.]
A petroleum based thin and colorless fuel; paraffin.
The kerosene lasted all winter, so the furnace kept us always warm.
Origin: From κηρός.
an oil used for illuminating purposes, formerly obtained from the distillation of mineral wax, bituminous shale, etc., and hence called also coal oil. It is now produced in immense quantities, chiefly by the distillation and purification of petroleum. It consists chiefly of several hydrocarbons of the methane series
Origin: [Gr. wax.]
Kerosene is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid. The name is derived from Greek: κηρός meaning wax. The word "Kerosene" was registered as a trademark by Abraham Gesner in 1854, and for several years, only the North American Gas Light Company and the Downer Company were allowed to call their lamp oil "Kerosene" in the United States. It eventually became a genericized trademark. It is sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage. The term "kerosene" is usual in much of Canada, the United States, Australia and New Zealand. It can be referred to colloquially as "kero". Kerosene is usually called paraffin in the UK, Southeast Asia and South Africa. A more viscous paraffin oil is used as a laxative. A waxy solid extracted from petroleum is called paraffin wax. Kerosene is widely used to power jet engines of aircraft and some rocket engines, but is also commonly used as a cooking and lighting fuel and for fire toys such as poi. In parts of Asia, where the price of kerosene is subsidized, it fuels outboard motors on small fishing boats. Kerosene lamps are widely used for lighting in rural areas of Asia and Africa where electrical distribution is not available or too costly for widespread use. Kerosene lamps consume an estimated 77 billion litres per year, equivalent to 1.3 million barrels of oil per day.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
ker′o-sēn, n. an oil obtained from bituminous coal, used for lamps, &c. [Gr. kēros, wax.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a refined petroleum used as oil for lamps.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A refined petroleum fraction used as a fuel as well as a solvent.
The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz
An alleged provider of heat and light. From Lat. _carus_, meaning expensive and _seneo_, to be weak; expensive but weak. For further explanation, consult Standard Oil Company.
The numerical value of kerosene in Chaldean Numerology is: 7
The numerical value of kerosene in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2
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Translations for kerosene
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- Kerosin, PetroleumGerman
- keroseno, petroloEsperanto
- petrooleum, lambiõliEstonian
- نفت سفید, نفتPersian
- petroli, kerosiiniFinnish
- मिट्टी का तेलHindi
- minyak tanahIndonesian
- ケロシン, 灯油Japanese
- 등유, 燈油Korean
- akʼahkǫʼNavajo, Navaho
- petrol lampantRomanian
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