Definitions for keroseneˈkɛr əˌsin, ˈkær-, ˌkɛr əˈsin, ˌkær-
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word kerosene
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
ker•o•seneˈkɛr əˌsin, ˈkær-, ˌkɛr əˈsin, ˌkær-(n.)
a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained by distilling petroleum, bituminous shale, or the like and widely used as a fuel and cleaning solvent.
Origin of kerosene:
1852; irreg. < Gk kērós wax + -ene ; formerly a trademark
kerosene, kerosine, lamp oil, coal oil(noun)
a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
kerosene(noun)ˈkɛr əˌsin, ˈkær-, ˌkɛr əˈsin, ˌkær-
an oil used as fuel
a kerosene lamp
A petroleum based thin and colorless fuel; paraffin.
The kerosene lasted all winter, so the furnace kept us always warm.
Origin: From κηρός.
an oil used for illuminating purposes, formerly obtained from the distillation of mineral wax, bituminous shale, etc., and hence called also coal oil. It is now produced in immense quantities, chiefly by the distillation and purification of petroleum. It consists chiefly of several hydrocarbons of the methane series
Kerosene is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid. The name is derived from Greek: κηρός meaning wax. The word "Kerosene" was registered as a trademark by Abraham Gesner in 1854, and for several years, only the North American Gas Light Company and the Downer Company were allowed to call their lamp oil "Kerosene" in the United States. It eventually became a genericized trademark. It is sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage. The term "kerosene" is usual in much of Canada, the United States, Australia and New Zealand. It can be referred to colloquially as "kero". Kerosene is usually called paraffin in the UK, Southeast Asia and South Africa. A more viscous paraffin oil is used as a laxative. A waxy solid extracted from petroleum is called paraffin wax. Kerosene is widely used to power jet engines of aircraft and some rocket engines, but is also commonly used as a cooking and lighting fuel and for fire toys such as poi. In parts of Asia, where the price of kerosene is subsidized, it fuels outboard motors on small fishing boats. Kerosene lamps are widely used for lighting in rural areas of Asia and Africa where electrical distribution is not available or too costly for widespread use. Kerosene lamps consume an estimated 77 billion litres per year, equivalent to 1.3 million barrels of oil per day.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a refined petroleum used as oil for lamps.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A refined petroleum fraction used as a fuel as well as a solvent.
The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz
An alleged provider of heat and light. From Lat. _carus_, meaning expensive and _seneo_, to be weak; expensive but weak. For further explanation, consult Standard Oil Company.
Translations for kerosene
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
paraffin oil, obtained from petroleum or from coal
The jet plane refuelled with kerosene; (also adjective) a kerosene lamp/stove.
- كيروسين: زيت إنارَهArabic
- querosenePortuguese (BR)
- petrolej; petrolejovýCzech
- das KerosinGerman
- petroleum; petroleums-Danish
- queroseno, querosénSpanish
- نفت سفید؛ نفت چراغFarsi
- मिट्टी का तेलHindi
- minyak tanahIndonesian
- kerosene, cheroseneItalian
- žibalas; žibalinisLithuanian
- petroleja; petrolejas-Latvian
- minyak tanahMalay
- نفت سفید؛ نفت چراغPersian
- تيل، غوړPashto
- petrolej; petrolejovýSlovak
- gaz yağıTurkish
- 煤油Chinese (Trad.)
- مٹی کا تیلUrdu
- dầu lửaVietnamese
- 煤油Chinese (Simp.)
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