Definitions for kawasaki disease
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word kawasaki disease
Kawasaki disease, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome(noun)
an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause
an illness of childhood that causes fever, lymphadenopathy, elevated platelet count, and a variety of other symptoms.
Origin: After Tomisaku Kawasaki, who first identified the disease.
Kawasaki disease, also known as Kawasaki syndrome, lymph node syndrome and mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is an autoimmune disease in which the medium-sized blood vessels throughout the body become inflamed. It is largely seen in children under five years of age. It affects many organ systems, mainly those including the blood vessels, skin, mucous membranes, and lymph nodes; however its rare but most serious effect is on the heart where it can cause fatal coronary artery aneurysms in untreated children. Without treatment, mortality may approach 1%, usually within six weeks of onset. With treatment, the mortality rate is 0.17% in the U.S. There is often a pre-existing viral infection that may play a role in its pathogenesis. The conjunctivae and oral mucosa, along with the skin, become red and inflamed. Edema is often seen in the hands and feet. One or more cervical lymph nodes are often enlarged. Also, a recurrent fever, often 37.78°C or higher, is characteristic of the acute phase of the disease. In untreated children, the febrile period lasts on average approximately 10 days, but may range from five to 25 days. The disorder was first described in 1967 by Tomisaku Kawasaki in Japan.
Find a translation for the kawasaki disease definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"kawasaki disease." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2013. Web. 6 Dec. 2013. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/kawasaki disease>.