Definitions for kalopanax

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  1. Kalopanax

    Kalopanax septemlobus, common name prickly castor oil tree, is a deciduous tree in the family Araliaceae, the sole species in the genus Kalopanax. It is native to northeastern Asia, from Sakhalin and Japan west to southwestern China. It grows to 30 m tall, with a trunk up to 1-1.5 m diameter. The stems are often spiny, with stout spines up to 1 cm long. The leaves are alternate, in appearance similar to a large Fatsia or Liquidambar leaf, 15–35 cm across, palmately lobed with five or seven lobes, each lobe with a finely toothed margin. The leaf lobes vary greatly in shape, from shallow lobes to cut nearly to the leaf base. Trees with deeply lobed leaves were formerly distinguished as K. septemlobus var. maximowiczii, but the variation is continuous and not correlated with geography, so it is no longer regarded as distinct. The flowers are produced in late summer in large umbels 20–50 cm across at the apex of a stem, each flower with 4-5 small white petals. The fruit is a small black drupe containing 2 seeds.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Kalopanax

    A plant genus of the family ARALIACEAE. Members contain triterpene saponins.

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