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A Kalimavkion, or kalymmavchi, or kamilavka, is an item of clerical clothing worn by Orthodox Christian and Eastern Catholic monks or awarded to clergy. The kalimavkion is a stiff cylindrical head covering, similar to a stovepipe hat but without a brim. The kalimavkion is worn during services; at other times, the softer skufia is worn in its place. The specific shape and colouring will differ between the various ethnic traditions: ⁕In the Greek tradition, monks wear a simple black kalimavkion, covered by a black veil, but ordained clergy wear a kalimavkion with a flattened conical brim at the top. Hierodeacons remove the veil when they vest for services, but hieromonks do not. In the Greek tradition, nuns do not normally wear a kalimavkion, but rather just the veil. ⁕In the Russian tradition, priests and deacons, if awarded it, wear a kamilavka that is normally taller than the Greek style, widens as it rises, and is flat at the top. Monks wear a black kamilavka with black veil. Russian nuns also wear the kamilavka with veil. Hieromonks and hierodeacons wear the same black kamilavka and veil as non-ordained monastics. Again, hierodeacons remove the veil when they are serving, but hieromonks do not. Protodeacons are awarded a purple or red kamilavka, but Archdeacons continue to wear the black kamilavka. Archpriests are also awarded a purple or red kamilavka. Bishops, who are always monks, wear a black kamilavka with a black veil. Archbishops are distinguished by a jewelled cross on the front of their veil. Metropolitans wear a white veil over their kamilavka, with the same cross as an archbishop. The Patriarch of Moscow instead of the kamilavka wears a white koukoulion, a conical head covering with a monastic veil.
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