Definitions for kainic acid

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  1. kainic acid(Noun)

    A heterocyclic dicarboxylic acid isolated from certain red algae; used as an anthelmintic in Japan.

  2. Origin: From 海人草

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  1. Kainic acid

    Kainic acid is a natural marine acid present in some seaweed. It is a specific agonist for the kainate receptor used as an ionotropic glutamate receptor which mimics the effect of glutamate. Along with quisqualate, it is used in experiments to distinguish a receptor from the other ionotropic receptors for glutamate such as NMDA and AMPA.

U.S. National Library of MedicineRate this definition:(0.00 / 0 votes)

  1. Kainic Acid

    (2S-(2 alpha,3 beta,4 beta))-2-Carboxy-4-(1-methylethenyl)-3-pyrrolidineacetic acid. Ascaricide obtained from the red alga Digenea simplex. It is a potent excitatory amino acid agonist at some types of excitatory amino acid receptors and has been used to discriminate among receptor types. Like many excitatory amino acid agonists it can cause neurotoxicity and has been used experimentally for that purpose.

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