Definitions for jus sanguinisˈsæŋ gwə nɪs
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word jus sanguinis
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
jus′ san′gui•nisˈsæŋ gwə nɪs(n.)
the principle that the country of nationality of a child is determined by the country of nationality of the parents.
Origin of jus sanguinis:
1900–05; < L: right of blood
the principle that a person's nationality at birth is the same as that of his natural parents
Jus sanguinis is a principle of nationality law by which citizenship is not determined by place of birth but by having instead one or both parents who are citizens of the state or more generally by having state citizenship or membership to a nation determined or conferred by -ethnic, cultural or other- descent or origin, e.g. by belonging to a Diaspora, i.e. without necessarily having progenitors that are or were citizens of that state per se. It contrasts with jus soli. At the end of the 19th century, the French-German debate on nationality saw the French, such as Ernest Renan, oppose the German conception, exemplified by Johann Fichte, who believed in an "objective nationality", based on blood, race or language. Renan's republican conception, but perhaps also the presence of a German speaking population in Alsace-Lorraine, explains France's early adoption of jus soli. Many nations have a mixture of jus sanguinis and jus soli, including the United States, Canada, Israel, Germany, Greece, and Ireland. Apart from France, jus sanguinis is still the most common means of passing on citizenship in many continental European countries. Some countries provide almost the same rights as a citizen to people born in the country, without actually giving them citizenship. An example is Indfødsret in Denmark, which provides that upon reaching 18, non-citizen residents can decide to take a test to gain citizenship.
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