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Judaizers is predominantly a Christian term, derived from the Greek verb ioudaïzō. This term is most widely known from the single use in the Greek New Testament where Paul publicly challenges Peter for compelling Gentile believers to "judaize", also known as the Incident at Antioch. According to the Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions this term includes groups such as Jewish Christians, Quartodecimans, Ethiopian Christians, descendants of English Puritanism such as the Seventh-day Adventist Church and others, who claim the necessity of obedience to the Mosaic Laws which are found in the first five books of the Christian Old Testament, though this is something likely disputed by members belonging to these groups, notably the Seventh-day Adventist Church, as the term Judaizers is typically used as a pejorative. The issue of the Old Covenant in Christianity is complex and controversial, however, most traditional Christians believe much of it has been superseded while some modern Protestants believe it has been completely abrogated and replaced with the Law of Christ. Thus, "one who has Judaized", refers to a Christian who has accepted the necessity of adhering to the Mosaic Laws or to specific laws that are believed to be superseded, such as circumcision, Sabbath observance, or observation of the Passover. The ongoing Christian debate over "Judaizing in Christianity" began in the lifetime of the apostles, notably at the Council of Jerusalem and Incident at Antioch, and parallels the ongoing debate about Paul of Tarsus and Judaism, Protestant views of the Ten Commandments, and Christian ethics.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a party, called also Ebionites, in the primitive Church who sought to overlay the simple ordinances of Christianity with Judaic observances and rites, "a yoke which neither they nor their fathers were able to bear."
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