Definitions for jejunoileal bypass

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  1. Jejunoileal bypass

    Jejunoileal bypass was a surgical weight loss procedure performed from the 1950s through the 1970s in which all but 30 cm to 45 cm of the small bowel were detached and set to the side. Many complications that followed jejunoileal bypass operations performed for the relief of morbid obesity were caused by bacterial overgrowth in the excluded blind loop. The arthritis-dermatitis syndrome was one of the common distressing disorders. The pathogenetic mechanism was thought to be an immune-complex-mediated process related to bypass enteritis.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Jejunoileal Bypass

    A procedure consisting of the SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS of the proximal part of the JEJUNUM to the distal portion of the ILEUM, so as to bypass the nutrient-absorptive segment of the SMALL INTESTINE. Due to the severe malnutrition and life-threatening metabolic complications, this method is no longer used to treat MORBID OBESITY.

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