Definitions for iodineˈaɪ əˌdaɪn, -dɪn; in Chem. also -ˌdin; -dɪn
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word iodine
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
i•o•dineˈaɪ əˌdaɪn, -dɪn; in Chem. also -ˌdin; -dɪn(n.)
a nonmetallic halogen element occurring as a grayish-black crystalline solid that sublimes to a dense violet vapor when heated: used as an antiseptic, as a nutritional supplement, and in radiolabeling.
Category: Chemistry, Pharmacology
Ref: Compare radioiodine .; Symbol: I 4 3
Origin of iodine:
1814; < F iode < Gk īṓdēs violet-colored, der. of íon violet
iodine, iodin, I, atomic number 53(noun)
a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
tincture of iodine, iodine(noun)
a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
A chemical element (symbol: I) with an atomic number of 53; one of the halogens.
An antiseptic incorporating the element.
Origin: From iode, from ἰοειδής + -ine
a nonmetallic element, of the halogen group, occurring always in combination, as in the iodides. When isolated it is in the form of dark gray metallic scales, resembling plumbago, soft but brittle, and emitting a chlorinelike odor. Symbol I. Atomic weight 126.5. If heated, iodine volatilizes in beautiful violet vapors
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53. The name is from Greek ἰοειδής ioeidēs, meaning violet or purple, due to the color of elemental iodine vapor. Iodine and its compounds are primarily used in nutrition, and industrially in the production of acetic acid and certain polymers. Iodine's relatively high atomic number, low toxicity, and ease of attachment to organic compounds have made it a part of many X-ray contrast materials in modern medicine. Iodine has only one stable isotope. A number of iodine radioisotopes are also used in medical applications. Iodine is found on Earth mainly as the highly water-soluble iodide ion, I−, which concentrates it in oceans and brine pools. Like the other halogens, free iodine occurs mainly as a diatomic molecule I2, and then only momentarily after being oxidized from iodide by an oxidant like free oxygen. In the universe and on Earth, iodine's high atomic number makes it a relatively rare element. However, its presence in ocean water has given it a role in biology. It is the heaviest essential element utilized widely by life in biological functions. Iodine's rarity in many soils, due to initial low abundance as a crust-element, and also leaching of soluble iodide by rainwater, has led to many deficiency problems in land animals and inland human populations. Iodine deficiency affects about two billion people and is the leading preventable cause of intellectual disabilities.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a non-metallic element originally obtained from kelp, but now found in South America in combination with sodium, used largely both free and in combination in medicine and surgery, in photography, and in making aniline dyes.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A nonmetallic element of the halogen group that is represented by the atomic symbol I, atomic number 53, and atomic weight of 126.90. It is a nutritionally essential element, especially important in thyroid hormone synthesis. In solution, it has anti-infective properties and is used topically.
Translations for iodine
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
an element used in medicine and photography, forming black crystals.
- iodoPortuguese (BR)
- das JodGerman
- 碘Chinese (Trad.)
- دواؤں اور فوٹوگرافی میں مستعمل غیر دھاتی عنصرUrdu
- 碘Chinese (Simp.)
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