Definitions for incumbentɪnˈkʌm bənt

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word incumbent

Princeton's WordNet

  1. incumbent, officeholder(adj)

    the official who holds an office

  2. incumbent(adj)

    lying or leaning on something else

    "an incumbent geological formation"

  3. incumbent(adj)

    necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

    "it is incumbent on them to pay their own debts"

  4. incumbent(adj)

    currently holding an office

    "the incumbent governor"


  1. incumbent(Noun)

    The current holder of an office, such as ecclesiastical benefice or a an elected office.

  2. incumbent(Noun)

    A holder of a position as supplier to a market or market segment that allows the holder to earn above-normal profits.

  3. incumbent(Adjective)

    Imposed on someone as an obligation, especially due to one's office.

    Proper behavior is incumbent on all holders of positions of trust.

  4. incumbent(Adjective)

    Resting on something else.

  5. incumbent(Adjective)

    Being the current holder of an office or a title.

    If the incumbent senator dies, he is replaced by a person appointed by the governor.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Incumbent(adj)

    lying; resting; reclining; recumbent; superimposed; superincumbent

  2. Incumbent(adj)

    lying, resting, or imposed, as a duty or obligation; obligatory; always with on or upon

  3. Incumbent(adj)

    leaning or resting; -- said of anthers when lying on the inner side of the filament, or of cotyledons when the radicle lies against the back of one of them

  4. Incumbent(adj)

    bent downwards so that the ends touch, or rest on, something else; as, the incumbent toe of a bird

  5. Incumbent(noun)

    a person who is in present possession of a benefice or of any office

  6. Origin: [L. incumbens, -entis, p. pr. of incumbere to lie down upon, press upon; pref. in- in, on + cumbere (in comp.); akin to cubare to lie down. See Incubate.]


  1. Incumbent

    The incumbent, in politics, is the existing holder of a political office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent. For example, in the 2012 United States presidential election, Barack Obama was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the previous term while the election sought to determine the president for the current term. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.

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