Definitions for ibidˈɪb ɪd
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word ibid
Reference to quoted material from other writers, authors, publications.
Ibid. is the term used to provide an endnote or footnote citation or reference for a source that was cited in the preceding endnote or footnote. This is similar in meaning to idem, abbreviated Id., which is commonly used in legal citation. To find the ibid. source, one must look at the reference preceding it. Ibid. may also be used in the Harvard system for in-text references where there has been a close previous citation from the same source material. The previous reference should be immediately visible, e.g. within the same paragraph or page. Many academic publishers now prefer that "ibid." should not be given in italics, as it is a commonly found term. Notice that ibid. is an abbreviation where the last two letters of the word are not present; thus, it always takes a period in both American and British usage.
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