a proposal intended to explain certain facts or observations
hypothesis, possibility, theory(noun)
a tentative insight into the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena
"a scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory"; "he proposed a fresh theory of alkalis that later was accepted in chemical practices"
guess, conjecture, supposition, surmise, surmisal, speculation, hypothesis(noun)
a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
Used loosely, a tentative conjecture explaining an observation, phenomenon or scientific problem that can be tested by further observation, investigation and/or experimentation. As a scientific term of art, see the attached quotation. Compare to theory, and quotation given there.
An assumption taken to be true for the purpose of argument or investigation.
The antecedent of a conditional statement.
Origin: Recorded since 1596, from hypothese, from hypothesis, from ὑπόθεσις, literally “a placing under”, itself from ὑποτίθημι, from ὑπό + τίθημι.
a supposition; a proposition or principle which is supposed or taken for granted, in order to draw a conclusion or inference for proof of the point in question; something not proved, but assumed for the purpose of argument, or to account for a fact or an occurrence; as, the hypothesis that head winds detain an overdue steamer
a tentative theory or supposition provisionally adopted to explain certain facts, and to guide in the investigation of others; hence, frequently called a working hypothesis
A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon. For a hypothesis to be a scientific hypothesis, the scientific method requires that one can test it. Scientists generally base scientific hypotheses on previous observations that cannot satisfactorily be explained with the available scientific theories. Even though the words "hypothesis" and "theory" are often used synonymously, a scientific hypothesis is not the same as a scientific theory. A scientific hypothesis is a proposed explanation of a phenomenon which still has to be rigorously tested. In contrast, a scientific theory has undergone extensive testing and is generally accepted to be the accurate explanation behind an observation. A working hypothesis is a provisionally accepted hypothesis proposed for further research. A different meaning of the term hypothesis is used in formal logic, to denote the antecedent of a proposition; thus in the proposition "If P, then Qs; Q can be called a consequent. P is the assumption in a What If question. The adjective hypothetical, meaning "having the nature of a hypothesis", or "being assumed to exist as an immediate consequence of a hypothesis", can refer to any of these meanings of the term "hypothesis".
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
hī-poth′e-sis, n. a supposition: a proposition assumed for the sake of argument: a theory to be proved or disproved by reference to facts: a provisional explanation of anything.—v.i. Hypoth′esize, to form hypotheses.—adjs. Hypothet′ic, -al, belonging to a hypothesis: conditional.—adv. Hypothet′ically. [Gr., hypo, under, tithenai, to place.]
British National Corpus
Rank popularity for the word 'hypothesis' in Nouns Frequency: #1672
The numerical value of hypothesis in Chaldean Numerology is: 6
The numerical value of hypothesis in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
The great tragedy of science -- the slaying of a beautiful hypothesis by an ugly fact.
It is a good morning exercise for a research scientist to discard a pet hypothesis every day before breakfast. It keeps him young.
There's two possible outcomes if the result confirms the hypothesis, then you've made a discovery. If the result is contrary to the hypothesis, then you've made a discovery.
The hypothesis is that the more stimulating your environment is ... the more you're increasing the complexity of the brain, the more you can afford to lose, you're building a buffer.
A fact is a simple statement that everyone believes. It is innocent, unless found guilty. A hypothesis is a novel suggestion that no one wants to believe. It is guilty, until found effective.
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Translations for hypothesis
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- hipòtesiCatalan, Valencian
- hypotéza, domněnkaCzech
- hypoteesi, olettamus, otaksumaFinnish
- hipotézis, feltételezés, feltevésHungarian
- 仮設, 仮定, 仮説Japanese
- 가정법, 가설, 가정Korean
- HypotheesLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- veronderstelling, stelling, hypotheseDutch
- ipoteză, prezumțieRomanian
- гипотеза, предположениеRussian
- hypotes, antagandeSwedish
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