Definitions for hydrothermal vent
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word hydrothermal vent
a hot spring, on the floor of the ocean, mostly along the central axes of the mid-ocean ridges, where heated fluids emerge from fissures in the Earth's crust
A hydrothermal vent is a fissure in a planet's surface from which geothermally heated water issues. Hydrothermal vents are commonly found near volcanically active places, areas where tectonic plates are moving apart, ocean basins, and hotspots. Hydrothermal vents exist because the earth is both geologically active and has large amounts of water on its surface and within its crust. Common land types include hot springs, fumaroles and geysers. Under the sea, hydrothermal vents may form features called black smokers. Relative to the majority of the deep sea, the areas around submarine hydrothermal vents are biologically more productive, often hosting complex communities fueled by the chemicals dissolved in the vent fluids. Chemosynthetic bacteria and archaea form the base of the food chain, supporting diverse organisms, including giant tube worms, clams, limpets and shrimp. Active hydrothermal vents are believed to exist on Jupiter's moon Europa, and ancient hydrothermal vents have been speculated to exist on Mars.
Find a translation for the hydrothermal vent definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these hydrothermal vent definitions with the community:
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"hydrothermal vent." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 28 Jul 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/hydrothermal vent>.