Definitions for hiberno-englishhaɪˈbɜr noʊˈɪŋ glɪʃ or, often, -lɪʃ
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Random House Webster's College Dictionary
Hi•ber•no-Eng•lishhaɪˈbɜr noʊˈɪŋ glɪʃ or, often, -lɪʃ(n.)
the English language as spoken in Ireland.
Hiberno‐English is the dialect of English written and spoken in Ireland. It comprises a number of sub-dialects, such as Ulster English, Dublin English and Cork English. English was brought to Ireland as a result of the Norman invasion of the late 12th century. Initially, it was mainly spoken in an area known as the Pale around Dublin, with Irish spoken throughout the rest of the country. By the Tudor period, Irish culture and language had regained most of the territory lost to the colonists: even in the Pale, "all the common folk… for the most part are of Irish birth, Irish habit, and of Irish language". However, the English conquest and colonization of Ireland in the 16th century marked a revival in the use of English. By the mid-19th century, English was the majority language spoken in the country. It has retained this status to the present day, with even those whose first language is Irish usually being fluent in English as well. Modern Hiberno-English has some features influenced by the Irish language and it also retains some archaic English elements. Most of these are more used in the spoken language than in formal written language as used in say the Irish Times, which is much closer to Standard British English, with a few differences in vocabulary. Unlike the United States and Canada, Ireland does not have its own spelling rules and uses British English spelling.
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