Definitions for hiatus hernia

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  1. hiatus hernia, hiatal hernia, diaphragmatic hernia(noun)

    hernia resulting from the protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm

Freebase

  1. Hiatal hernia

    A hiatus hernia or hiatal hernia is the protrusion of the upper part of the stomach into the thorax through a tear or weakness in the diaphragm. Hiatus hernias often result in heartburn but may also cause chest pain or pain with eating. The most common cause is obesity. The diagnosis is often by endoscopy or medical imaging. A hiatus hernia may be treated with lifestyle changes such as raising the head of the bed, weight loss, and adjusting eating habits. Medications such as H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors may help. If the symptoms do not improve with medications the surgery known as laparoscopic fundoplication may be an option. It is not known how commonly hiatus hernias occur with estimates in North America varying from 10 to 80%.

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