Definitions for hemochromatosisˌhi məˌkroʊ məˈtoʊ sɪs
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word hemochromatosis
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
he•mo•chro•ma•to•sisˌhi məˌkroʊ məˈtoʊ sɪs(n.)
a disorder of iron metabolism manifested by bronzed skin due to excessive iron absorption, leading to joint pain, diabetes, and liver damage if iron concentration is not reduced.
Origin of hemochromatosis:
1895–1900; hemo-+ Gk chrōmat-, s. of chrôma color +-osis
hemochromatosis, iron-storage disease, iron overload, bronzed diabetes(noun)
pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues; characterized by bronzed skin and enlarged liver and diabetes mellitus and abnormalities of the pancreas and the joints
a metabolic disorder causing iron deposits in the body, also called bronze diabetes
Haemochromatosis type 1 is a hereditary disease characterized by excessive intestinal absorption of dietary iron resulting in a pathological increase in total body iron stores. Humans, like most animals, have no means to excrete excess iron. Excess iron accumulates in tissues and organs disrupting their normal function. The most susceptible organs include the liver, adrenal glands, heart, skin, gonads, joints, and the pancreas; patients can present with cirrhosis, polyarthropathy, adrenal insufficiency, heart failure or diabetes. The hereditary form of the disease is most common among those of Northern European ancestry, in particular those of Celtic descent. The disease is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, which means both copies of the gene in each cell have mutations. Most often, the parents of an individual with an autosomal recessive condition each carry one copy of the mutated gene, but do not show signs and symptoms of the condition.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A disorder due to the deposition of hemosiderin in the parenchymal cells, causing tissue damage and dysfunction of the liver, pancreas, heart, and pituitary. Full development of the disease in women is restricted by menstruation, pregnancy, and lower dietary intake of iron. Acquired hemochromatosis may be the result of blood transfusions, excessive dietary iron, or secondary to other disease. Idiopathic or genetic hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive disorder of metabolism associated with a gene tightly linked to the A locus of the HLA complex on chromosome 6. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
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