Definitions for harpagophytum

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  1. Harpagophytum

    Harpagophytum, also called grapple plant, wood spider and most commonly devil's claw, is a genus of plants in the sesame family, native to southern Africa. It owes to common name devil's claw to the peculiar appearance of its hooked fruit. The plant's large tuberous roots are used medicinally to reduce pain and fever, and to stimulate digestion. European colonists brought devil's claw home where it was used to treat arthritis. Harpagophytum procumbens is mainly found in the eastern and south eastern parts of Namibia, Southern Botswana and the Kalahari region of the Northern Cape, South Africa. Harpagophytum zeyheri is found in the northern parts of Namibia and southern Angola. The active ingredient is harpagoside with values ranging in both species from 1.0% to 3.3%. The name "devil's claw" is also used for several species of North American plants in the genus Proboscidea, as well as Urtica dioica and certain species of Pisonia.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Harpagophytum

    A plant genus of the family PEDALIACEAE. Members contain harpagoside and are the source of extract WS 1531.

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