Definitions for hamadryadˌhæm əˈdraɪ əd, -æd; -əˌdiz
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the nymph or spirit of a particular tree
hamadryad, king cobra, Ophiophagus hannah, Naja hannah(noun)
large cobra of southeastern Asia and the East Indies; the largest venomous snake; sometimes placed in genus Naja
A wood-nymph who was physically a part of her tree; fell the tree, kill the nymph.
The king cobra.
A kind of baboon, Papio hamadryas, venerated by the ancient Egyptians.
Origin: Hamadryas, from Ἁμαδρυάς, from ἅμα + δρῦς.
a tree nymph whose life ended with that of the particular tree, usually an oak, which had been her abode
a large venomous East Indian snake (Orhiophagus bungarus), allied to the cobras
A hamadryad is a Greek mythological being that lives in trees. They are a particular type of dryad, which in turn are a particular type of nymph. Hamadryads are born bonded to a particular tree. Some believe that hamadryads are the actual tree, while normal dryads are simply the entities, or spirits, of the trees. If the tree died, the hamadryad associated with it died as well. For that reason, dryads and the gods punished any mortals who harmed trees. The Deipnosophistae of Athenaeus lists eight Hamadryads, the daughters of Oxylus and Hamadryas: ⁕Karya ⁕Balanos ⁕Kraneia ⁕Morea ⁕Aigeiros ⁕Ptelea ⁕Ampelos ⁕Syke Their mother, Hamadryas, is immortalized in the name of two genera: that of the Cracker butterfly, and that of the northernmost monkey in Asia Minor, the Hamadryas baboon. The Cracker Butterfly is more arboreal than most butterflies, as it commonly camouflages itself on trees. It feeds not on nectar but on sap, rotting fruit and dung. The Hamadryas baboon however is one of the least arboreal monkeys but it was the most common monkey in Hellenic lands.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a wood-nymph identified with a particular tree that was born with it and that died with it.
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