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A style of rural Cuban music.
Guajira is a musical form which evokes a rural ambience in its texts, instrumentation and style. In the years around 1900 a style of guajira emerged in association with Cuban music theater, especially as composed by Jorge Anckermann. This genre had some similarity to the criolla and, to a lesser extent, the punto. It contains bucolic countryside lyrics, rhyming, similar to décima poetry. The music is a mixture of 3/4 and 6/8 rhythms. According to Sánchez de Fuentes, its first section is in a minor key, its second section in a major key. In general, the songs in this repertoire are no longer well known in Cuba. Hence, for most Cubans, "guajira" connotes a quite different genre that emerged in the 1930s, as a sort of fusion of the son and the guajira, the "guajira-son," in 4/4 time. It resembled the son in rhythm, but presented a rural ethos by foregrounding the guitar more than horns, percussion, or piano. The guajira could be sung by a single musician accompanying himself on guitar; see trova. The lyrics of the guajira typically extol the beauty of the Cuban countryside and the lifestyle of the guajiros..
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