Definitions for graniteˈgræn ɪt
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word granite
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a coarse-grained igneous rock composed chiefly of orthoclase and albite feldspars and of quartz, usu. with lesser amounts of one or more other minerals, as mica, hornblende, or augite.
something of great hardness, firmness, or durability.
Origin of granite:
1640–50; < It. See grain , -ite1
plutonic igneous rock having visibly crystalline texture; generally composed of feldspar and mica and quartz
something having the quality of granite (unyielding firmness)
"a man of granite"
A group of igneous and plutonic rocks composed primarily of feldspar and quartz. Usually contains one or more dark minerals, which may be mica, pyroxene, or amphibole. Granite is quarried for building stone, road gravel, decorative stone, and tombstones. Common colors are gray, white, pink, and yellow-brown.
Origin: From granit, from granito, from granire, from grano, from granum. Compare granita.
a crystalline, granular rock, consisting of quartz, feldspar, and mica, and usually of a whitish, grayish, or flesh-red color. It differs from gneiss in not having the mica in planes, and therefore in being destitute of a schistose structure
Granite is a common type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock which is granular and phaneritic in texture. This rock consists mainly of quartz, mica, and feldspar. Occasionally some individual crystals are larger than the groundmass, in which case the texture is known as porphyritic. A granitic rock with a porphyritic texture is sometimes known as a porphyry. Granites can be pink to gray in color, depending on their chemistry and mineralogy. By definition, granite is an igneous rock with at least 20% quartz by volume. Granite differs from granodiorite in that at least 35% of the feldspar in granite is alkali feldspar as opposed to plagioclase; it is the alkali feldspar that gives many granites a distinctive pink color. Outcrops of granite tend to form tors and rounded massifs. Granites sometimes occur in circular depressions surrounded by a range of hills, formed by the metamorphic aureole or hornfels. Granite is usually found in the continental plates of the Earth's crust. Granite is nearly always massive, hard and tough, and therefore it has gained widespread use as a construction stone. The average density of granite is between 2.65 and 2.75 g/cm³, its compressive strength usually lies above 200 MPa, and its viscosity near STP is 3-6 • 1019 Pa·s. Melting temperature is 1215 - 1260 °C.
Translations for granite
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
(of) a type of hard usually grey or red rock used for building
buildings of granite: granite hills.
- الغرانيت: حَجَر الصُّوانArabic
- granitoPortuguese (BR)
- žula; žulovýCzech
- der Granit, Granit-...German
- granit; granit-Danish
- سنگ گرانیتFarsi
- (de) granitFrench
- granit, granitanCroatian
- granito; di granitoItalian
- granitas; granitinisLithuanian
- سنگ گرانیتPersian
- ګرانيټ، يوډول كلكه ډبره چې دودانيو په جوړولو او نورو چارو كې استعماليږىPashto
- (de) granitRomanian
- гранит; гранитныйRussian
- žula; žulovýSlovak
- granit; granitenSlovenian
- 花崗石Chinese (Trad.)
- عمارتی پتھر، سنگ خاراUrdu
- đá granitVietnamese
- 花岗石Chinese (Simp.)
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