Definitions for goutgaʊt
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word gout
gout, gouty arthritis, urarthritis(noun)
a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
(Med.) A constitutional disease, occurring by paroxysms. It consists in an inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints, and almost always attacks first the great toe, next the smaller joints, after which it may attack the greater articulations. It is attended with various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the digestive organs. It may also attack internal organs, as the stomach, the intestines, etc. It is an inherited disease of purine metaboism, which causes an increased level of uric acid in the blood, and leads to deposition of crystals of sodium urate in cartilage within joints and in connective tissue. It can be alleviated by a diet low in purines, and is treated by drugs which block formation of uric acid. Dunglison.
Origin: [F. goutte a drop, the gout, the disease being considered as a defluxion, fr. L. gutta drop.]
An extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints.
a spurt or splotch (usually followed by the preposition of)
Origin: gote, gute, from gutta
a drop; a clot or coagulation
a constitutional disease, occurring by paroxysms. It consists in an inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints, and almost always attacks first the great toe, next the smaller joints, after which it may attack the greater articulations. It is attended with various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the digestive organs. It may also attack internal organs, as the stomach, the intestines, etc
a disease of cornstalks. See Corn fly, under Corn
Origin: [F., fr. L. gustus taste. See Gusto.]
Gout is a medical condition usually characterized by recurrent attacks of acute inflammatory arthritis—a red, tender, hot, swollen joint. The metatarsal-phalangeal joint at the base of the big toe is the most commonly affected. However, it may also present as tophi, kidney stones, or urate nephropathy. It is caused by elevated levels of uric acid in the blood. The uric acid crystallizes, and the crystals deposit in joints, tendons, and surrounding tissues. Clinical diagnosis may be confirmed by seeing the characteristic crystals in joint fluid. Treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids, or colchicine improves symptoms. Once the acute attack subsides, levels of uric acid are usually lowered via lifestyle changes, and in those with frequent attacks, allopurinol or probenecid provide long-term prevention. Gout has become more common in recent decades, affecting about 1–2% of the Western population at some point in their lives. The increase is believed due to increasing risk factors in the population, such as metabolic syndrome, longer life expectancy and changes in diet. Gout was historically known as "the disease of kings" or "rich man's disease".
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Hereditary metabolic disorder characterized by recurrent acute arthritis, hyperuricemia and deposition of sodium urate in and around the joints, sometimes with formation of uric acid calculi.
The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz
The undesirable scion of High Living, which frequent the lowest joints and is mentioned only in the Invalid's Foot-Notes.
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Translations for gout
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- dna, pakostniceCzech
- gotta, podagraItalian
- 통풍, 痛風Korean
- GiichtLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- koute, porohauMāori
- podagră, gutăRomanian
- gutë, podagërAlbanian
- futagig, jotagig, gigVolapük
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