Definitions for glacierˈgleɪ ʃər
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word glacier
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
an extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly, either descending from high mountains, as in valley glaciers, or moving outward from centers of accumulation, as in continental glaciers.
Origin of glacier:
1735–45; < dial. F, der. of OF glace ice < VL *glacia
a slowly moving mass of ice
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
a very large area of ice that moves slowly over land
A large body of ice which flows under its own mass, usually downhill.
Origin: glacier, from glace, from glacies, from gel-.
an immense field or stream of ice, formed in the region of perpetual snow, and moving slowly down a mountain slope or valley, as in the Alps, or over an extended area, as in Greenland
A glacier is a large persistent body of ice that forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries. Glaciers slowly deform and flow due to stresses induced by their weight, creating crevasses, seracs, and other distinguishing features. They also abrade rock and debris from their substrate to create landforms such as cirques and moraines. Glaciers form only on land and are distinct from the much thinner sea ice and lake ice that form on the surface of bodies of water. On Earth, 99% of glacial ice is contained within vast ice sheets in the polar regions, but glaciers may be found in mountain ranges of every continent except Australia, and on a few high-latitude oceanic islands. Between 35°N and 35°S, glaciers occur only in the Himalayas, Andes, a few high mountains in East Africa, Mexico, New Guinea and on Zard Kuh in Iran. Glacial ice is the largest reservoir of freshwater on Earth, supporting one third of the world's population. Many glaciers store water during one season and release it later as meltwater, a water source that is especially important for plants, animals and human uses when other sources may be scant.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a more or less snow-white mass of ice occupying an Alpine valley and moving slowly down its bed like a viscous substance, being fed by semi-melted snow at the top called nevé and forming streams at the bottom; it has been defined by Prof. J. D. Forbes (q. v.) as "a viscous body which is urged down slopes of a certain inclination by the mutual pressure of its parts"; in the Alps alone they number over 1000, have an utmost depth of 1500 ft., and an utmost length of 12 m.
Translations for glacier
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a mass of ice, formed from the snow on mountains.
- كُتلة جليديَّهArabic
- geleiraPortuguese (BR)
- der GletscherGerman
- یخچال طبیعیFarsi
- קרחון הריםHebrew
- sungai esIndonesian
- یخچال طبیعیPersian
- يخچال ( ديخې لوى ټوټې ) دګنكل سترې ټوټې چې دغرو له سرو څخه ورو ورو راښويېږى، ديخې لويې ټوټېPashto
- ледник, глетчерRussian
- glaciär, jökelSwedish
- 冰河Chinese (Trad.)
- льодовик, глетчерUkrainian
- برف زارUrdu
- sông băngVietnamese
- 冰川Chinese (Simp.)
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